Men and boys in their late teens are more likely to be diagnosed with depression and anxiety, and are more at risk of suicide, a new study finds.
But what they may not know is that their symptoms are also caused by hormones that influence their behaviour, and that the men and boys who have trouble sleeping, eating or dressing in socially acceptable ways may also be suffering from a condition called post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Read more about mental health:Men’s health and the ageing baby boomMen’s mental health and aging baby boomA new study has found that men with depression or anxiety are at higher risk of suicidal ideation, self-harm and suicide attempts, compared to the general population.
The research was conducted by the University of Adelaide in Australia, and the results were published in the journal Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.
The findings are based on the findings of a survey conducted in the United Kingdom in 2014, and a more recent Australian study.
The researchers used a data-mining technique called meta-analysis to determine whether the links between depression and post-trauma symptoms were stronger in men than in women.
They found that depressive symptoms were more likely among men who had suffered a suicide attempt or had attempted suicide, but that this relationship was not replicated across other mental health disorders, such as anxiety and depression.
The authors also found that the association between depression symptoms and suicide attempted or completed was stronger for men who were unemployed than for those who were employed.
Men’s Mental Health and the Baby BoomThe study found that depression was a more common diagnosis among older men, and was associated with higher rates of depression and suicide attempt, compared with those who had not experienced any mental health problems.
The findings suggest that, although depression is not necessarily an indicator of mental health in men, men may be at increased risk of self-harming and suicide.
The researchers note that depression is also common among older adults and is one of the most common symptoms of post-stroke symptoms.
“Although the mechanisms of depression in men are not fully understood, depression in older men may represent a new stressor that may be difficult to manage,” the authors wrote.
“It is possible that the higher prevalence of depression among older women may be due to their greater social isolation and the fact that depression symptoms are more common among women than men.”
Read more: ‘You’ve got to have an inner strength’: Men’s mental well-being is affected by their ageThe researchers found that younger men were more than twice as likely as older men to have been diagnosed with post-Trauma Stress Disorder (PSTD), and that men who reported more than three PTSD symptoms were nearly twice as numerous as those who reported fewer symptoms.PTSDs are also common in older women, with those aged 60-74 more likely than those aged 75-84 to experience PTSD symptoms.
The study also found higher rates among men than women of suicide attempts.
The study found the suicide rate among men was four times higher than that among women, and three times higher for those aged 20-24, and for men aged 25-29.
“While it is possible the association is causal, the evidence suggests that depression in these young men is associated with risk of future suicidal ideations and self-mutilation,” the researchers wrote.
“It may also reflect a greater risk of depression due to an earlier onset of depressive symptoms.
The potential effects of depression on suicide attempt and suicide are also unknown.”
The researchers noted that there was little information on the prevalence of mental disorders in men.
It is unknown if the relationship between depression in younger men and suicide ideation and self hurt could be caused by a lack of mental wellness or a more general mental health disorder.
Read more on depression and men’s mental wellbeing: Men’s wellbeing and the baby boomThe research also found increased rates of suicide among men, with a higher suicide rate for those under 25, and among men aged 20 to 24, and women aged 30 to 34.
Men who had been diagnosed as having PTSD, anxiety, depression or an anxiety disorder were more frequent sufferers of alcohol and illicit drug abuse, as well as alcohol and other illicit drug dependence.
The new research is important because it suggests that mental health symptoms are associated with a range of conditions, and may therefore affect men’s well-beings and wellbeing.
“Men are at increased vulnerability to mental health issues including depression, anxiety and suicide, and it is therefore important to consider whether they may be taking greater risks of mental illness due to the stigma attached to these conditions,” the study authors wrote in the abstract.
“This study suggests that post-suicide mental health distress may be associated with increased risk for future suicidal behaviours, as compared to those who have not experienced depression or other mental disorders.”
Read more from the Australian Mental Health Foundation: