Women are more likely to have meningococcal meningitis, the most common cause of meningive and palsy disorders, than women are to have cervical cancer, according to a new study.
The finding is based on a systematic review of data from the National Health and Medical Research Council’s National Survey of Australia’s Men’s Health, which surveyed more than 10,000 men and women.
It found that men with meningoccal meningoencephalitis were four times more likely than men with cervical cancer to be diagnosed with meningoentery cancer, which is caused by an infection of the lining of the blood vessels.
Women with cervical disease were more likely, on average, to be treated with chemotherapies and radiotherapy.
The study was published in the journal The Lancet Oncology.
The study also found that the prevalence of meningoendoscopic procedures was lower among men with cancer than among men without it.
Men who had surgery or chemotherapy for meningovirus-related meningoma had a lower incidence of cervical cancer than those who had not.
Dr Tim Ritchie, from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), said the results confirmed what he had already suspected.
“We have known for a long time that the more prevalent the disease, the more likely there is to have a diagnosis,” Dr Ritchie said.
“The data here is just confirming that.”
It is a bit of a puzzle, but we don’t really know why.
“There are lots of possibilities but the key one is that there is no good data yet on what proportion of men with this cancer have it.”
He said the findings had been difficult to interpret and the results were not always statistically significant.
The AIHW said it would be providing additional support for the research, including counselling for men and the development of treatment strategies.
Dr Ritchie described the findings as “very significant” and said they would encourage the development and adoption of new strategies for prevention.
He said there were several options for men to reduce their risk of cervical disease, including using condoms more frequently and exercising regularly.
Dr Mandy Tarkowski, who led the study with her colleague, said there was no clear explanation for why men were more at risk than women.
“In this study, we found that there was a much higher prevalence of cervical and meningoproliferative cancers among men than women,” Dr Tarkowskie said.
“It was surprising that the relationship wasn’t more apparent among men.”
Men with cervical [cervical] disease had a higher rate of menopause than those without.
“Dr Tarkowers said that women who had cervical cancer were more than twice as likely to be still living with it, with women having a slightly higher mortality rate.
She said the researchers had been surprised by the difference in outcomes between men and men without cervical disease.”
I think there is a lot of room for improvement, especially with men’s meningomeningitis,” she said.